Cook's arrival seemed to be a confirmation of a prophecy by Toiroa, a priest from Mahia. At Tolaga BayTupaia conversed with the priest, tohungaassociated with the school of learning located there, called Te Rawheoro. Hawaiki or the misspelling "Hawaiiki" appear to have become the most common variants used in English.
On several island groups, including New Zealand and the Marquesasthe term has been recorded as associated with the mythical underworld and death. On Easter Islandthe name of the mythical home country appears as Hiva. According to Thor HeyerdahlHiva was said to lie east of the island. Sebastian Englert records:. Englert puts forward the claim that Hiva lies to the West of the island. It is also notable that in the Hawaiian Islandsthe ancestral homeland is called Kahiki a cognate of Tahitiwhere at least part of the Hawaiian population came from.
According to various oral traditionsthe Polynesians migrated from Hawaiki to the islands of the Pacific Ocean in open canoes, little different from the traditional craft found in Polynesia today.
Polynesian oral traditions say that the spirits of Polynesian people return to Hawaiki after death. This may indicate the direction in which Hawaiki may lie. Until the early 21st century recently [update]many anthropologists had doubts that the canoe-legends described a deliberate migration. They tended to believe that the migration occurred accidentally when seafarers became lost and drifted to uninhabited shores.
In Thor Heyerdahl sailed the Kon-Tikia balsa -wood raftfrom South America into the Pacific in an attempt to show that humans could have settled Polynesia from the eastern shores of the Pacific Ocean, with sailors using the prevailing winds and simple construction techniques. But DNAlinguistic, botanical, and archaeological evidence all indicate that the Austronesian-speaking peoples including the Polynesians probably originated from islands in eastern Asia, possibly from present-day Taiwan.
The common ancestry of all the Austronesian languagesof which the Polynesian languages form a major subgroup, as well as all Austronesian language families but Malayo-Polynesianexist only in Taiwan, and thus support this theory.
The sweet potatowhich is of South American origin, is widely cultivated in Polynesia. This suggests that some interaction between the Polynesians and the Amerindians of South America may have taken place. But the sweet potato may also have been introduced in later trade by Europeans, or other Southeast Asians, where it was widely adopted.
No Polynesian crops were introduced into the Americas, and there is evidence of Polynesian settlement only in Chile.When I first learned about the mythical place called Hawaiki. He goes back to his marae where the carvings depict his tupuna, including Tamate Kapua, captain of the first waka to bring his ancestors to these shores.
However, the tales of legends is not enough to convince of roots. As he explains, every iwi arrived on a different waka and his was no different, arriving as the Ngati Whakaue did on the waka of captain Tamate Kapua.
After the tribulations, they finally arrived at Maketu where the Te Arawa iwi takes it name, settling in the Bay of Plenty. They believe the waka set of from a real place which he wants to visit.
The arrival of Māori
In the first episode, he takes viewers of the documentary to the sacred archaeological site at Wairau Bar, or Te Pokohiwi, where some of the first people to arrive in Aotearoa, are buried. The other Hawaikis are named in India and Africa before they moved to the Pacific. That is the quest that Morrison undertakes tracing the journey of the first people to arrive in New Zealand and also the history of the first people to walk the Earth which features him travelling from Polynesia to Asia to Africa.
The series was inspired by Meg Douglas of Scottie Productions who has worked on the project for nearly a decade and was motivated by the tales that her father narrated to her about his own epic journey to uncover and write about the origins of his own iwi.
Production started in early It was a massive task, with research being undertaken through immeasurable hours of sifting through papers, historical books, and talking to people all over New Zealand and the world.
The project began shooting in July and finished in January just before the covid pandemic hit the world. First tupuna to arrive For Morrison, the next part of his journey was from the Wairau Bar, Te Pokohiwi, where some of the first tupuna to arrive are buried. After learning the secrets of history that the Bar had to offer him to give him a grounding it was time to move on. He feels a connection to Tahiti even though the journey to Aotearoa is a km and dangerous voyage.
Then in later episodes he explores links with Western Polynesia and goes to Western Samoa, Vanuatu and Taiwan, where Morrison says there are some linguistic similarities with te reo in an usurping discovery which tells the tale of his ancestors voyagers. He is welcomed by a challenge by young warriors like a wero but it is the Lapita pots that gives a clue to the colonisation of Vanuatu where he similarities in the words found in common word.
Pots similar to Taiwan But the Lapita pots are that similar to those found in Taiwan and in a major burial site or urupa burial ground was discovered. In the final episode Morrison travels to Taiwan and Ethiopia to explore the place that is said to be the origin of us all, and he visits the Cook Islands — the stepping off point for waka heading to Aotearoa hundreds of years ago.
Once again he finds similarities in the language when he ask an indigenous sailor to recite numbers to Some of these traditions name a mythical homeland called Hawaiki. Among these is the story of Kupewho had eloped with Kuramarotinithe wife of Hoturapathe owner of the great canoe Matahouruawhom Kupe had murdered. To escape punishment for the murder, Kupe and Kura fled in Matahourua and discovered a land he called Aotearoa 'land of the long-white-cloud'.
He explored its coast and killed the sea monster Te Wheke-a-Muturangifinally returning to his home to spread the news of his newly discovered land. Various traditions name numerous other canoes. Rather than arriving in a single fleet, the journeys may have occurred over several centuries. Percy Smith believed that the Polynesian traditions may have been flawed in detail, but they preserved the threads of truth that could be recovered using a method already well established for Hawaiian traditions by Abraham Fornander An Account of the Polynesian Race— The method involved seeking out common elements of tradition from different sources and aligning these to genealogies to give a timeframe for the events.
Fornander, Smith and others used the method to reconstruct the migrations of the Polynesians and traced them back to a supposed ancient homeland in India. Smith used the Fornander method and combined disparate traditions from various parts of New Zealand and other parts of Polynesia, to derive the "Great Fleet" hypothesis. Through an examination of the genealogies of various tribes, he came up with a set of precise dates for the Great Fleet and the explorers that he and others posited as having paved the way for the fleet.
These were advanced, warlike, agricultural tribes who destroyed the Moriori. Simmons also suggests that some of these "migrations" may actually have been journeys within New Zealand. Smith then 'cut and pasted' his material, combining several oral traditions into new ones.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Howe in Te Ara — the Encyclopedia of New Zealand"Kupe was not a well-known figure in tradition" and his position as the discoverer of New Zealand is "a fabrication". Te Ara — the Encyclopedia of New Zealand. Retrieved 27 June Indigenous people of New Zealand Aotearoa.
Austronesian ships. Tatara Ipanitika. Sampan panjang Tongkang. Endrol Kel. Aka Angga Wangga.The information in this list represents a compilation of different oral traditions from around New Zealand. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Wikimedia list article. Culture of indigenous Oceania. List of resources about traditional arts and culture of Oceania.
Languages of Oceania. Cook Islands Niue. Literature of Oceania. Religion in Oceania. Not included: Oceanian: cinemaindigenous currency, dress, folkore, cuisine. Also see Category:Oceanian culture. Austronesian ships. Tatara Ipanitika. Sampan panjang Tongkang. Endrol Kel.
Aka Angga Wangga.
List of Māori waka
Korkor Tipnol Walap. Vaka Vaka katea. Nanumea Paopao Vaitupu. Laka fiara. Crab claw sail Junk rig Pinisi rig Tanja sail. Apilan Kota mara. Ship replicas. Naga Pelangi. See also: Lapita culture Domesticated plants and animals of Austronesia.
Namespaces Article Talk.Using the stars and ocean currents as his navigational guides, he ventured across the Pacific on his waka hourua voyaging canoe from his ancestral Polynesian homeland of Hawaiki.
It is thought that Kupe made landfall at the Hokianga Harbour in Northlandaround years ago.
In search of our Hawaiki origins – behind the myths and storytelling
By Destination Rotorua. By Sara Orme. By Bay of Islands. By Northland Inc. Where is Hawaiki? Traditional waka, Rotorua.
Māori migration canoes
By Mitai Maori Village. By Aaron McLean.
Next on your journey. The arrival of Europeans long-arrow-right. Treaty of Waitangi long-arrow-right.Where is Hawaiki? Many have speculated that it lies somewhere in the Pacific, somewhere in Polynesia. Modern scholars tell us that more than 15, years ago we lived on the land now called China, and that from there we travelled via Taiwan and the Philippines to Indonesia. About 6, to 9, years ago we moved on through Melanesia and reached Fiji about 3, years ago. From there to Samoa and on to the Marquesas 2, years ago.
Where then is the legendary homeland of Hawaiki? Our tribal stories tell us that at the death of our bodies our spirits live on and journey back to Hawaiki; to the meeting place of the spirits at Great Hawaiki, Long Hawaiki, Hawaiki Far Away. Life then is a journey from Hawaiki to Hawaiki, the spiritual homeland of the Maori. And Hawaiki is with us always, carried in our hearts through thousands of generations, and thousands of years of migration; carried also through the lifetime of a single heart wherever it may journey.
My own ancestors came in two waka called Takitimu and Kurahaupo, about 30 generations ago. Our history and legends tell us many stories of the journey to Aotearoa, for each waka and each tribe has its own history. Early non-Maori recorders of these many histories wrongly tried to meld them all into a single story.
Thus the myth of the great migration of a fleet of waka to these shores was born. Some non-maori chroniclers also postulated the theory that our migration was entirely by chance, by island wanderers blown off course. They also claimed that these journeys were one-way only, and that there were no return journeys back into the Pacific. This denies the reality of the scientific basis of sea journeying by all Pacific peoples, and the sohisticated ancient knowledge of the stars and ocean currents.
The knowledge of the stars is passed down to us to this day in the tukutuku weaving which adorns the walls of our carved and embellished whare houses. Many of these tukutuku panels descend from the star charts carried by ancient navigators.
And even if the very first migrants didn't know where exactly they were going, they had the sure and safe knowledge of the migratory birds such as the kuaka or godwitand of the migratory whales to guide them, and the certainty of their faith in their fellow creatures. Indeed one sea-faring tradition does tell of journeys where the kuaka was the guide into and from the Pacific, on its annual journeys between Aotearoa and Alaska.The Disturbing REAL STORY Behind Moana
Another of the traditions tells us that Paikea came on the back of a whale, or even that our ancestor Paikea was the whale. I have been told of first-hand experience by an expert observer how a pod of migratory whales was seen journeying through rough seas. The lead was taken by the two biggest whales forging ahead side by side, crashing through the rough waters; and close behind them in the safety of the much smoother seas created by the lead pair, travelled the rest of the pod including the young.
Is this example by our cousin whale the origin of the design of the great sea-going double-hull waka used by our ancestors to reach these shores?
Perhaps so, but who can deny that our fellow creatures did not have that knowledge, and that it is from them that we learned of Aotearoa.The Tainui waka was named for an infant who did not survive childbirth. At the burial site of this child, at a place in Hawaiki known then as Maungaroa, a great tree grew; this was the tree that was used to build the ocean canoe. Several Tuamotuan stories tell of canoes named TainuiTainuia captained by Hoturoa and Tainui-atea captained by Tahorotakararithat left the Tuamotus and never returned.
On its voyage the Tainui stopped at many Pacific islands, eventually arriving in New Zealand. Its first landfall was at Whangaparaoa Bay in the Bay of Plenty. From the Waitemata on the east coast, the canoe was carried by hand across the Tamaki isthmus present-day Auckland to Manukau Harbour on the west coast.
Crew members disembarked at each landfall site along the way. Descendent groups formed several iwi, many associating under the Tainui confederation of iwi. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Tainui disambiguation. Hidden categories: Use dmy dates from July All stub articles. Namespaces Article Talk.
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